Did You Know?
It’s most likely that not every lady has a female prostate. In one study, scientists discovered glands surrounding the urethra in just 14 of 25 women. And most, but not all, of the 14 ladies produced the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) hormonal agent that would be expected in a healthy female prostate.
Do females have a prostate gland?
Do Women Have A Prostate Cancer? You may have heard individuals talk about the female prostate gland. However ladies don’t actually have a prostate gland. Rather, the female “prostate” is often used to refer to little glands on the front side of the vagina and matching ducts in some cases called “Skene’s glands” or “Skene’s ducts.” They are named after Alexander Skene, who explained these structures in detail in the late 1800s. Researchers are now discovering methods they resemble a man’s prostate, so the name “female prostate” has actually become more popular.
One of the resemblances is associated with the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and PSA phosphatase (PSAP). PSA and PSAP are present in both the male prostate and the Skene’s glands. It’s unclear whether the female “prostate” glands drain just into small ducts on each side of the urethra or the urethra itself. The urethra is the tube that carries urine outside of the body. In either case, the female prostate gland is thought about a functional part of a woman’s genital and urinary system.
So, if the female prostate gland shares resemblances with the male prostate gland, does that mean ladies can develop prostate cancer?
Can Women Get A Prostate Cancer?
Cancer of the female prostate is unusual. One older research study estimates that cancer of the Skene’s glands represent 0.003 percent of cancers in the female genital-urinary tract. It’s also possible that cancer of nearby organs, like the urethra, can originate in the Skene’s glands.
In one case, painless long-term blood in the urine triggered a woman to seek medical attention. The cancer in her prostate gland was treated with radiation and her symptoms cleared. Surgical treatment likewise may be used to deal with cancer of the Skene’s glands, depending on the type of cancer and how far it has actually spread out.
Animal research studies
Cancer of the female prostate is unusual. That can make it tough for researchers to study because there is a limited number of cases. Rather, researchers have done research studies in animals that have similar structures to human females. These studies provide proof on how the female prostate works and how it may react to cancer treatments.
Estradiol and progesterone are two essential hormonal agents that regulate a woman’s menstruation. They are also key enzymes in the prostates in female gerbils. These findings recommend a comparable relationship may exist in a female’s reproductive system.
Cancerous and noncancerous lesions are also more likely to appear in the female prostates of older gerbils than in the prostates of more youthful female gerbils. This suggests that age may be a risk aspect for cancer in the Skene’s glands in female people.
Progesterone may also be a danger aspect for sores in the Skene’s glands. A history of pregnancy, which impacts progesterone levels, seems to likewise contribute to an increased number of sores. In studies in gerbils, progesterone appears to contribute in the advancement of lesions.
What Symptoms Show a Concern With the Prostate Cancer in Women?
Due to the fact that this type of cancer is rare, there aren’t a great deal of case studies. That implies recognizing signs of this type of cancer may be tough.
If you experience bleeding from your urethra, you need to see a doctor. That may be a sign of cancer of the Skene’s glands. Or it’s most likely a symptom of another issue with your urethra. The bleeding might not be accompanied by any discomfort, and it may happen on and off over a period of time.
It’s always best to see a medical professional if you discover any abnormal symptoms, particularly if they recur. Early medical diagnosis can help improve your outlook for the majority of conditions. You should see your physician if you have any of these signs, which might show other conditions:
- unpleasant or regular urination, or if it’s tough to pass urine
- blood in your urine, or passing blood from your urethra
- painful sexual relations
- sensation of pressure behind the pubic bones
- irregular menstrual cycle, or sudden changes to your menstrual cycle
There are conditions aside from cancer that might be connected to the Skene’s glands, and which may trigger obvious symptoms.
Prostatitis is a condition that triggers swelling of the prostate gland in guys. In females, female prostatitis has been identified as an infection of the urethra, however might really be an infection of the Skene’s glands. In the past this has actually been detected as infection of the urethra. Medical professionals are progressively conscious that the female prostate can be a different site of infection that ought to be dealt with separately.
Symptoms of infection of the Skene’s glands may include:
- pressure behind the pubic bones
- frequent, agonizing, or difficult urination
Unattended sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can likewise spread to the female prostate. Some STIs, like gonorrhea, typically do not have any obvious signs and may be most likely to spread to other locations of the female genitalia.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
In females with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), reproductive hormones are out of balance. There’s likewise generally an excess of male hormonal agents. The size of the female prostate appears to be larger in females who have PCOS.
Researchers have actually also kept in mind that levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are higher in females with PCOS. PSA is a hormonal agent produced by the Skene’s glands. PSA levels may be a method to medical diagnosis PCOS.
Cysts can appear on the Skene’s glands in women of any ages, consisting of newborn babies. Straightforward cysts can be drained and will heal without any more treatment.
An adenofibroma is a noncancerous development. It’s generally discovered on fibrous and glandular tissue. In a case report of an adenofibroma of the female prostate, the growth triggered discomfort during sexual relations. Surgical treatment to eliminate the tumor eased the discomfort.
Exactly what’s the purpose of the female prostate cancer?
Over the last few years, MRI has assisted to clarify the appearance and function of the female prostate. More research is needed, but researchers are starting to get a much better understanding of these glands.
In males, the prostate gland is suspected of having the ability to store infection in the body. That fact makes scientists question whether the Skene’s glands serve a similar function. How that may work in men or ladies is very important to referred to as doctors search for how infection operates in people who are HIV-positive, for instance.
Scientists also are interested that the female prostate produces PSA. The presence of PSA is among the indicators of prostate cancer in men. It likewise appears in ladies who have particular kinds of breast cancer. It might be that the function of PSA in both males and females is more complex than we understand.
Elevated PSA levels prior to treatment for cancer of the Skene’s glands, and decreasing levels after, were found in cases where individuals received radiation or surgery. This pattern of high and low levels of PSA is so normal of cancer treatment that medical professionals are encouraged to inspect PSA levels throughout treatment.
Some scientists think that the female prostate releases fluid, a “female ejaculation,” during orgasm. The fluid is described as scanty, thick, and whitish fluid, and consists of PSA. Female ejaculation is not generally a part of orgasm, but its frequency has actually been approximated at 10 percent to 54 percent.
So, that is anwer from the “do women have a prostate cancer” question. Like the male prostate, the Skene’s glands, often called the female prostate, produce the hormonal agent PSA. These glands are likewise believed to have a function in the regulation of the reproductive system in both men and women.
Some researchers think the female prostate has a function in sexual arousal, however that theory is questionable. Cancer and other conditions that affect the female prostate are unusual. It’s possible that the reported cases of these conditions will grow as research study and new innovation expand understanding of the female prostate.
Answer from an Expert About “Can Women Get a Prostate Cancer?”
Q: Is it true that women have a prostate gland? If so, is it the like the G-spot?
A: While the presence of the G-spot is questionable, there are 2 little anatomical structures called Skene’s (or paraurethral) glands that are in some cases described as the female prostate.
Named after Alexander Skene, M.D., a gynecologist who explained them in a paper in 1880, the glands are located at the lower end of the female urethra, near the location of the expected G-spot. They produce a fluid that helps lubricate the urethral opening and might have antimicrobial properties that safeguard the urinary tract from infections.
The Skene’s glands are believed to have the exact same structural elements as the male prostate, though they are much smaller. Surprisingly, they even produce prostate specific antigen, or PSA. (PSA is secreted from other female body tissues, also, and might be a possible diagnostic marker for breast illness, to name a few conditions, just as it is for prostate cancer in men.).
Still, there stays much argument over the specific anatomy and function of the Skene’s glands– in particular, what, if any, role they may play in sexual function. Some, however not all, researchers state that the fluid produced by some women throughout orgasm (” female climax”) originates from these glands.
Though cancer of the Skene’s glands or their ducts is really uncommon, cysts, swelling and infections sometimes happen in them and may be misdiagnosed as other urinary or gynecological conditions. If a lady has inexplicable or unsolved signs (such as regular and agonizing urination, lower urinary tract or vaginal pain or sexual dysfunction), it’s reasonable for her to talk with her healthcare service provider to see if these glands might be a contributing element. (Source)
13 Facts About Prostate Cancer
- About 238,590 brand-new cases of prostate cancer will be detected in the United States in 2013. About 29,720 men will pass away of prostate cancer.
- About 1 in 6 males will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their life time.
- Your chances of getting prostate cancer are 1 in 3 if you have a close relative with the disease. The threat leaps to 83 percent if 2 close relatives– dad or siblings– have actually been detected with the disease.
- African-Americans have the greatest rate of prostate cancer in the world.
- Prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of male cancer-related death in the U.S.
- Prostate cancer takes place primarily in older males. Nearly two-thirds of men diagnosed with prostate cancer are 65 or older.
- There are no consistent or obvious symptoms of prostate cancer while it is still in the early stages.
- Before early detection through PSA screening, only 1 in 4 prostate cancer cases were discovered while still in the early stages.
- There is new debate about the effectiveness of the Prostate Particular Antigen (PSA) screening. Speak with your primary care doctor about whether you ought to be screened.
- Almost One Hundred Percent of guys diagnosed with prostate cancer while the cancer remains in early stages are still alive 5 years after diagnosis.
- In Australia, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men.
- More than 3,000 men die of prostate cancer in Australia every year.c
- More men die of prostate cancer than women die of breast cancer.
Sources: American Cancer Society and National Prostate Cancer Union.